The Cost of work-related injuries and diseases in Australia are costing almost 4.1% of the country’s GDP. Occupational Health & Safety management is a legal requirement to ensure all employers and business operators have proper health & safety systems in place. ISO has developed a new standard, ISO 45001, Occupational health and safety management systems. After years of development, ISO 45001 has been approved and the final version has been released in March 2018. ISO 45001 sets the requirements, that will help organizations reduce this burden by providing a framework to improve employee safety, reduce workplace risks and create better safer working conditions.

ISO 45001 has taken account international standards such as OHSAS 18001, International Labour – Occupational Safety & Health Guidelines and National standards (e.g. AS/NZS 4801). ISO 45001 follows the high level structure approach, Annex SL, that is applied in other ISO standards such as ISO 9001:2015 (Quality Management), ISO 14001:2015 (Environment Management). Following Annex SL process and structure would enable organisations to easily integrate ISO 45001 with other ISO standard and maintain the overall management system. Businesses who are currently have management system based on OHSAS 18001 & AS/NZS 4801 can also easy migrate to ISO 45001.

The comparison between ISO 45001 & OHSAS 18001 & AS/NZS 4801 is depicted in the following table:

AS/NZS 4801:2001OHSAS 18001:2007ISO 45001
0 Introduction0 Introduction
1 Scope1 Scope1 Scope
2 Referenced Reference2 Normative Reference2 Normative Reference
3 Definitions3 Terms and Definitions3 Terms and Definitions
4 OHSMS Requirements4 OH&S Management systems4 Context of the organisation
4.1 Understanding the organisation and its context
4.2 Understanding the needs and expectations of interested parties
4.1 General Requirements4.1 General Requirements4.3 Determining the scope of OH&S management system
4.4 OH&S Management system
10.2 Continual Improvement
5.1 Leadership and Commitment
4.2 OH&S Policy4.2 OH&S Policy5.2 Policy
4.3 Planning4.3 Planning6 Planning
6.1 Actions to address risks and opportunities
6.1.1 General
4.3.1 Planning identification of hazards, hazard/risk assessment and control of hazards/risks4.3.1 Hazard identification, risk assessment and determining controls6.1.2 Hazard Identification
6.1.4 Assessment of OH&S Risks
6.1.5 Planning to take action
4.3.2 Legal and other requirements4.3.2 Legal and other requirements6.1.3 Determination of legal and other requirements
4.3.3 Objective and Targets4.3.3 Objectives and programme(s)6.2.1 OH&S Objectives
4.3.4 OHS Management plans6.2.2 Planning to achieve OH&S objectives
4.4 Implementation4.4 Implementation and operation7 Support
4.4.1 Structure and Responsibility4.4.1 Resources, roles, responsibility, accountability and authority5.3 Organisational roles, responsibilities and authorities Resources7.1 Resources Responsibility and accountability5.3 Organisational roles, responsibilities and authorities
4.4.2 Training and competency4.4.2 Competence, Training & Awareness7.2 Competence
7.3 Awareness
4.4.3 Consultation, Communication and reporting4.4.3 Communication, participation and consultation7.4.1 Information and communication Consultation7.4.2 Participation, consultation and representation Communication Reporting
4.4.4 Documentation4.4.4 Documentation7.5 Documented information
7.5.1 General
4.4.5 Document and data control4.4.5 Control of documents7.5.2 Creating and Updating
7.5.3 Control of documented information
4.4.6 Hazard identification, hazard/risk assessment and control of hazards/risks4.4.6 Operational Control8.1 Operational Planning and Control
8.2 Management of change
8.3 Outsourcing
8.4 Procurement
8.5 Contractors
4.4.6 Emergency Preparedness and Response4.4.7 Emergency Preparedness and Response8.6 Emergency Preparedness and Response
4.5.1 Monitoring and Measurement4.5 Checking9 Performance Evaluation
4.5.1 Performance measurement and monitoring9.1 Monitoring, Measurement, Analysis and Evaluation General Health Surveillance
4.5.2 Evaluation  of Compliance9.1.2 Evaluation of Compliance
4.5.2 Incident investigation, corrective and preventive action4.5.3 Incident investigation, nonconformity, corrective action and preventive action10.1 Incident, nonconformity and corrective action Incident investigation Nonconformity, corrective and preventive action
4.5.3 Records and records management4.5.4 Control of Records7.5.3 Control of documented information
4.5.4 OHSMS Audit4.5.4 Internal Audit9.2 Internal Audit
4.6 Management Review4.6 Management review9.3 Management review
10 Improvement


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